Attributes and Characteristics of Exemplary, Leading, and Innovative Career And Technical Education Teacher Preparation Programs
Thomas H. Bruening
Dennis C. Scanlon
Tracy S. Hoover
Xiaorong Shao, Purandhar Dhital, and Alexandre Zolotov
The Pennsylvania State University
Methods for achieving high quality teacher preparation have been one of the most contentious topics among all sectors of higher education in career and technical education (CTE). The goals of the present study were to determine the critical attributes of the nation’s exemplary, leading, and/or innovative (ELI) career-technical teacher preparation programs. Using a 3-round Delphi process (Lee, 1988), a national panel of experts identified 117 attributes of an ELI career-technical teacher preparation program. Thirteen of these attributes had means greater than 3.75 on a 4-point scale.
Site directors and the directors of the Research and Dissemination Centers for CTE supplied the nominees for this panel. These individuals were selected because of their decades of knowledge of CTE teacher preparation programs and, most importantly, they had an excellent knowledge of those individuals across the country who could effectively contribute to the expertise needed in the Delphi. The expert Delphi panel also nominated the five following institutions as having distinguished ELI programs: University of Minnesota (11), University of Georgia (10), The Ohio State University (10), The Pennsylvania State University (9), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (7). Researchers conducted a site visit to each institution using the 13 critical attributes as the basis for structured interview protocols. A case study approach suggested by Yin (1994) and Mulenga (2001) was used. To triangulate data, three different protocols were developed: faculty, elite (administrative), and focus group.
Bruening, T. H., Scanlon, D. C., Hoover, T. S., Hodes, C., Shao, X., & Dhital, P., et al. (2002, December). Attributes and characteristics of exemplary, leading, and innovative career and technical education teacher preparation programs. St. Paul, MN: National Research Center for Career and Technical Education, University of Minnesota.