Systematic Reviews of Research: Postsecondary Transitions - Identifying Effective Models and Practices

Systematic Reviews of Research: Postsecondary Transitions - Identifying Effective Models and Practices

Sep 2009

Authors:

Jeffrey C. Valentine
Amy S. Hirschy
University of Louisville

Chris Bremer
University of Minnesota

Walter Novillo
University of Minnesota

Marisa Castellano
Aaron Banister
University of Louisville

Executive Summary:

This paper focuses on transition programs for youth to postsecondary education, broadly considered. We address the following questions: (a) What models or programs of transition exist? (b) On what basis can we say one transition program is more effective than another? In other words, how is successful transition defined? (c) How are transition models and programs evaluated? and (d) What is the impact of transition programs, specifically those that aim to facilitate transition from one educational system to another, to program completion, or to specific career-related employment for disadvantaged youth? 

We identified 16 different general paths that transition programs could potentially address and targeted 9 for this systematic review. A literature search of over 8,000 citations yielded over 100 studies that warranted further examination. Most paths we identified as potential targets for interventions appear not to have been studied using a comparison group design, and we were only able to meta-analyze two paths, which we combined, that had 19 studies of interventions that aim to keep students in college once they get there.

More

 

Valentine, J. C., Hirschy, A. S., Bremer, C., Novillo, W., Castellano, M., & Banister, A. (2009, September). Systematic reviews of research: Postsecondary transitions - Identifying effective models and practices. Louisville, KY: National Research Center for Career and Technical Education.