A Taxonomy of Career Development Interventions That Occur In U.S. Secondary Schools

A Taxonomy of Career Development Interventions That Occur In U.S. Secondary Schools

Jan 2001

Authors:

Cass Dykeman
Oregon State University

Edwin L. Herr
The Pennsylvania State University

Michael Ingram
Dale Pehrsson
Chris Wood
Sarah Charles
Oregon State University

Executive Summary:

Each year, millions of state and Federal education dollars are spent on career development interventions for America’s teenagers. However, no uniform nomenclature, definition, and organization of these interventions exists in the professional literature. This hampers communication among and between practitioners, policymakers, and researchers. The lack of a comprehensive organization of these interventions makes quality research and program evaluation very difficult.

To help remedy the nomenclatural, definitional, and organizational problems extant in the field of career development interventions, researchers from the National Research Center for Career and Technical Education conducted a study with the aims to (a) identify a comprehensive list of career development interventions that occur in America’s secondary schools, and (b) create a taxonomy of the identified interventions. Through consultation with career guidance practitioners and scholars across the country, as well as through examination of research articles, grant reports, and program manuals, a comprehensive list containing 44 interventions was established. These 44 interventions were then rated on 5 variables (i.e., Time, Mode, Control, Place, & Size) by a random sample of the membership of the Guidance Division of the Association for Career and Technical Education. These ratings were then grouped empirically by means of cluster analysis, producing a four-cluster solution. The four clusters of career development interventions were titled: (a) Work-Based Interventions; (b) Advising Interventions; (c) Introductory Interventions; and (d) Curriculum-Based Interventions.

Dykeman, C., Herr, H. L., Ingram, M., Pehrsson, D., Wood, C., & Charles, S. (2001). A taxonomy of career development interventions that occur in U.S. secondary schools. St. Paul, MN: National Research Center for Career and Technical Education, University of Minnesota.